For anyone visiting, moving to, or doing business in Brazil, we have great news for you: The Brazilian government has unveiled a new electronic payment system designed to make purchases, payments, and transfers much easier. Pix is a fast payment system from the Central Bank of Brazil that went live in 2020.
Pix payments can be used to make purchases, pay bills, and send and receive money. Unlike a TED or DOC payment, which can take days to clear, Pix is an instant payment system, so you can receive your money promptly and securely.
Here’s everything you need to know about the Pix payment system and how you can use Remitly to transfer money using a Pix key.
What are Pix payments?
Pix is a fast payment system created by Banco Central do Brasil (BCB)—the Central Bank of Brazil—and launched in 2020. As Brazil’s central bank, the BCB has control over much of the country’s monetary policy.
All other financial institutions with at least 500,000 accounts are required to take part in the Pix payments system, and smaller institutions can opt in voluntarily.
Pix uses an app that acts as a digital wallet and creates unique QR codes to facilitate transactions between users. Users can make payments in near-real-time (transactions happen within seconds) making this a very efficient payment system.
Previously, transactions could only be processed during banking hours, so Pix makes for a more efficient financial system that’s available 24/7.
By introducing Pix payments, Brazil is on the cutting edge of fintech in Latin America, with six in 10 Brazilians using the system.
How are Pix payments used?
Pix transfers funds electronically between user accounts. Possible uses include:
- People who want to transfer money to others, like repaying a friend
- Individuals that need to pay for government services
- Businesses paying employees or freelancers
- Customers purchasing items at participating retailers, both in-person and online
- Businesses purchasing goods or services
The Pix payment system enables people to make transactions instantly, even when banks are closed. This is important because one of the perceived barriers to using credit or debit cards was that transactions only finalize during banking hours.
Additionally, Pix fosters financial inclusion in Brazil by making payments accessible to Brazilians who don’t have a bank account. All you need is a personal Pix key.
How do Pix keys work?
In order to use the Pix payments platform, each user sets up a unique Pix key.
There are four types of keys you can choose from: email address, cell phone number, CPF or CNPJ (individual taxpayer ID in Brazil), or a randomly chosen key. Once it’s created, that key becomes the user’s account for Pix transactions.
To register an address key, the user works with a financial institution to confirm and link the key to their account. Somebody can also set up an address key without registering it, which means even those who do not use a bank can still use this system.
However, according to the Central Bank of Brazil, it’s highly recommended to register your Pix key: “Although you might be able to receive transactions just by informing your account data, this option is not as practical as using the key and might cause a delay in initiating the transaction, reducing the payer’s advantage in making a Pix.”
Once an individual has their own Pix key, they can use it as a payment method for many transaction types. It works by providing either the individual’s address key information or by creating a scannable QR code to complete the transaction.
Once the transaction is initiated, the account holder can see the information and confirm the payment, providing a transparent checkout process for both parties.
Reasons to use Pix in Brazil
There are plenty of reasons to use Pix as your primary payment method in Brazil. Pix helps keep transaction costs low compared to using a credit or debit card.
What’s more, the payee has quick access to the payment without having to wait days for the transaction to be complete.
If you’re a business, this can open up more payment options for in-person customers who don’t have a bank account but want the security of not carrying cash.
Plus, this type of digital payment can be an excellent alternative to credit cards and debit cards, since some Brazilians remain wary of fraud in financial institutions.
Additionally, there are strict privacy controls in place, so you don’t have to worry about hackers or scammers getting access to your financial information.
Exceptions to the Pix payments platform
Although the Brazilian Pix system is versatile and practical, there are some exceptions that may limit its functionality for some types of transactions.
For example, a business that allows Pix as a method of payment can place a max limit on the number of Pix transactions an individual can process—either per day, month, or in total. There are regulations around the minimum limits businesses can set.
Also, while customers can use the Pix Saque system to make ATM withdrawals, there may be limits on when and where they can access this service.
Finally, the Pix system is only available for Brazilian transactions. If you want to send money internationally, then you’ll need to use a third-party service like Remitly.
How to use Pix with Remitly
Remitly is the first international remittance company to enable Pix payments through our app. That makes it easy to send money to Banco do Brasil or any other Brazilian bank.
All you have to do is ask your recipient for their Pix key. Once you have that, the rest of the transfer process is easy.
Simply download the app, sign up, and select Brazil as your destination country. Then choose Pix as the delivery method and enter your recipient’s Pix key.
If the recipient doesn’t have a Pix key, you can still send money to their bank account, but you’ll need to enter more information to get it to the right place.
Great exchange rates and low fees
Because the Pix payment platform uses the Brazilian real (BRL), it will convert any overseas currency to BRL when transferred through the platform.
So, if you’re sending money from the U.S. to Brazil, for example, you’ll want to monitor the exchange rate between the U.S. dollar (USD) and the BRL.
Pro tip: Remitly offers a promotional exchange rate for your first transfer to Brazil, to help more money make it home.
The Pix payment system is a fast and easy way to send money to friends and family in Brazil. But if you’re transferring money internationally, you’ll need to use an additional money transfer service to complete the transaction.
Remitly makes that easy. Once you get it set up, you can send money to anyone in Brazil using their personal Pix key.
Download our app, and we’ll show you how to get started.
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