Light holds significance in cultures all around the globe. And, over the centuries, lights have become an important part of religious traditions and celebrations.
Today, festivals of lights are celebrated tourist attractions in many cities around the world and continue to delight people of all ages and nationalities. Here, we look at some of the most famous and beautiful festivals of light during different holidays throughout the year.
1. Dev Dewali, India
Not to be confused with Diwali, Dev Diwali, also known as Dev Deepawali and Tripurotsav, is a festival of lights celebrated each year in Varanasi, a sacred city located on the Ganges river in northern India.
Dev Diwali is a celebration of Lord Shiva’s victory over the demon Tripurasur. It occurs 15 days after Diwali and is observed on the day of the full moon, known as Kartik Purnima. Many Indians believe that on this sacred day, all of the Gods descend on the city to bathe in the river.
On Dev Diwali, scores of pilgrims and tourists from all over the world arrive on the banks of the Ganges to take a dip in the water. They pray to the Hindu goddess Ganga, and when the sun goes down, they offer her flowers and lit lamps, called diyas—a tradition known as deepdaan.
During this holiday, the whole city is lit up with glowing lights and bright colors. Some describe this spectacular celebration of lights as appearing as though the stars have fallen to earth to beautify the city.
During the month of December, Macau, an autonomous administrative region of China, becomes aglow with lights. Although the event overlaps with the Christmas season, the event isn’t associated with the holiday.
Instead, it is part of the celebration of Macau Special Administrative Region Establishment (SARE) Day, a public holiday that commemorates when China took control of the region. Tourism is a key part of the economy in Macau, and the event seeks to encourage winter holiday travelers to visit.
The Macau Light Festival takes place across the Macau Peninsula and on its islands. Each year brings a new theme, with light installations and projection mapping displays that correspond to it. In addition, the city hosts interactive games and live performances throughout the event.
The Fête des Lumières in Lyon, France originally began as part of the observance for the Feast of the Immaculate Conception, which pays tribute to the life and character of Mary, Jesus’ mother. However, the celebration has grown to symbolize the history of the city more than its religion.
The early 19th century was a difficult time in France, marked by social conflicts, foreign occupation, and natural disasters. In 1852, the city decided to erect a gold statue of Mary to serve as the protector of the city. Although the original date of the event was set for December 8, a flood required the city to postpone it, and they instead chose the date of the Feast of the Immaculate Conception as the backup.
Still, to this day, December 8th marks the start of the city’s Festival of Lights and, for many, the beginning of the Christmas holidays in France.
Residents of Lyon celebrate the Fête des Lumières by placing candles on their windowsills, and the city installs endless lights in public places, including projection mapping displays.
The event lasts for four days and includes celebrations across the city, including theater, music, and dance performances each night.
Vivid Sydney is an annual 23-day light festival held in Sydney, Australia. The event first launched in 2009 as a showcase of eco-friendly LED lighting sponsored by companies wishing to demonstrate their products. Since then, it has grown to become an innovative, illuminated arts show that draws creators from all over the world.
Typically, Vivid Sydney begins in late May and runs through mid-June. Many famous landmarks, like the Sydney Opera House, are decorated for the occasion, and 3D projections and light displays bedazzle many neighborhoods.
Concerts and dance parties take place throughout the city—and beginning in 2023, the festivities will also include a food festival featuring chefs from around the world.
Most people associate Rio de Janeiro with Carnaval, but that annual event isn’t the only time that the city throws a huge party. Each year, the Rio government holds a celebration to mark the lighting of the largest floating Christmas tree in the world.
The 278-foot-tall tree made its debut in 2014, featuring 3 million lights and requiring five generators mounted on barges to power it. After lighting the tree, the city hosts a public fireworks display, and live musical performances entertain large crowds.
Rodrigo de Freitas Lagoon is a popular celebration for locals and tourists alike, making it one of the most anticipated events during Christmastime in Brazil.
On the 15th day of the first month in the lunar calendar, the Pingxi Lantern Festival begins in Taipei, Taiwan. The annual event builds on an ancient tradition of firing off firecrackers at the Wumiao temple.
Today, the 11-hour firecracker ceremony remains a key part of the festival, but many more attractions have been added since the Taiwan Tourism Bureau began sponsoring the event in 1990.
Each year, the city releases floating lanterns in a variety of shapes and sizes. Fireworks displays take place, and performers tell tales from Taiwanese folklore through song, dance, and theatrical performances.
Dates vary each year, but usually the festival occurs in February.
For the residents of the third largest city in the U.S., the Christmas season begins with Chicago’s annual Magnificent Mile Lights Festival, which takes place on the Saturday before Thanksgiving.
The largest nighttime parade in the U.S., the Magnificent Mile Lights Festival draws huge crowds. More than a million people line Michigan Avenue to watch the parade’s marching bands, enormous helium balloons, and festive floats pass by.
The celebration features more than 200 decorated trees and over a million lights. The evening culminates in an impressive fireworks display.
The Magnificent Mile Lights Festival traces its history back 50 years to when merchants on Greater North Michigan Avenue pulled resources to decorate trees in the shopping area. In 1992, Disney became a part of the celebration, and Disney characters are heavily featured in the parade.
The Festival of Lights in Berlin, Germany has no religious ties. Instead, it seeks to bring together Germans from across the country and tourists from around the world to celebrate innovation and diversity. The event premiered in 2005 and is held during the autumn months.
Each year, the City of Berlin comes up with a unique theme for the festival and puts out an international call for artists to submit illuminated works. The best are chosen and erected in public areas across the city.
Many famed Berlin landmarks, like the church towers of the Nikolaikirche, the Brandenburg Gate, and the Berliner Dom, are illuminated during the festival, and musical and cultural performances take place at both theaters and outdoor gathering spaces.
The annual Alumbrados EPM festival in Medellín, Colombia began as a simple Christmas tree-lighting ceremony at Plaza Mayor, which is now home to the city’s convention center.
In 1955, the country’s largest utility company, Empresas Públicas de Medellín, took over the celebration and began hosting light displays of increasing complexity.
Today, the event spans more than 100 locations within the city. In addition to gorgeous light displays, the festival includes musical concerts, dance performances, and special activities for children and families.
Dates vary each year, but the event usually begins with a large celebration in early December and continues into early January, ending sometime after Three King’s Day on January 6th.
Like Vivid Sydney, the i Light Marina Bay Festival in Singapore began in 2010 as a way to demonstrate the potential of energy-efficient lighting. The Singapore Urban Redevelopment Authority organizes the annual event, which usually takes place for three weeks or more during the summer.
Each year, the event expands to include more light displays. Works from both Singaporean and international artists are featured, and each exhibit uses only energy-saving lighting technology.
Along with the light exhibits, the i Light Marina Bay Festival features an array of live performances and a food festival. All of the installations are open to the public and can be viewed free of charge, but some concerts and tours have an admission fee, which varies based on the event.
After a hiatus due to the COVID-19 pandemic, the Jerusalem Festival of Light will return in 2023, marking the 12th time the event will take place in the historic city.
The Jerusalem Municipality and Jerusalem Development Authority sponsor and host the event, which takes place throughout the month of June and brings the glowing transformation of well-known landmarks in the Old City of Jerusalem.
In addition to decorating public spaces, the city installs illuminated art projects by Israeli and international artists. Along with displays, the festival usually includes sound and light shows and a public market featuring illuminated artworks.
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