If you are an American considering applying for Mexican citizenship, you’ve come to the right place. Read on to find out more about the requirements to become a citizen of Mexico, about dual citizenship, and what it means to become a Mexican citizen.
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What Do I Need to Get Citizenship in Mexico?
To apply for Mexican citizenship, here is a list of some supporting documents you will need:
- A completed DNN-3 application form
- Two copies of your Mexican residency card (valid for at least six months from the application date)
- A CURP–Clave Única de Registro de Población (Unique Population Registry Code)
- A birth certificate that has been translated into Spanish by a court-certified translator
- A valid passport from your home country
- Two copies of a letter (under oath) stating your entrances and exits into and out of Mexico over the past two years
- A certificate to prove you have no criminal record, known as a Certificado de No Antecedentes Penales
- Proof of knowledge of Spanish as well as Mexican history, culture, and Mexican heritage
- Two identical passport-size photos
- Application fees or proof of payment of application fees
Generally, it is people with relatives in Mexico or whose parents are from Mexico who apply for Mexican citizenship. Marriage to a Mexican citizen is another reason for seeking Mexican citizenship.
What Are the Advantages to Becoming a Naturalized Mexican Citizen?
The advantages of being a naturalized citizen include the right to vote in Mexico and the right to purchase property in areas with certain restrictions (without the need for a trust). Citizens also do not need to inform the immigration office if they move within Mexico or switch jobs.
Citizenship does not expire, so there is no need to renew permissions.
And as a bonus, citizens get priority going through immigration at the airport (no more waiting in the tourist lines).
Can I Have Dual Citizenship?
If you have Mexican parents, the Mexican government declares you eligible for Mexican citizenship as a right. This is known as jus sanguinis, which translates to “right of blood.” If your parents were born in Mexico, their rights transfer to you.
There is also the notion of jus soli, which translates to “right of the soil.” It means your birth in Mexico affords you the right to Mexican citizenship.
Citizens who fit these criteria but reside in or as citizens of another country may apply for dual citizenship. Dual citizenship means you will be recognized as a citizen of both Mexico and your current country. Being a dual citizen will afford you rights in both countries.
Can I Reclaim My Mexican Citizenship?
If you were born in Mexico and then obtained citizenship in another country before March 20, 1998, you may reclaim your Mexican citizenship by requesting it. Of course, you must provide all necessary documentation, including a clean criminal record.
If you are a Mexican national today, you will not lose your citizenship should you apply for citizenship elsewhere. Your Mexican passport will always be reinstated if you return to your home country.
How Much Does It Cost to Become a Mexican Citizen?
What Is the Naturalization Process?
To become a naturalized citizen of Mexico, you must start by understanding your specific eligibility requirements. You will have to meet the residency requirements and learn enough Spanish to pass your aptitude test.
There are generally five steps to the naturalization process:
- Learn and meet the eligibility requirements
- Prepare your application
- Gather your supporting documents
- Meet with an immigration representative
- Receive permission and attend a naturalization ceremony
Being prepared can allow for quicker processing time and ensure you are granted citizenship as quickly as possible.
Can I Stay in Mexico Without Mexican Citizenship?
Yes, you can stay in Mexico without Mexican citizenship.
If you plan to stay in Mexico for a short period of time, you can typically use the Visitante, or Visitor’s Permit. This type of permit is issued when you arrive in Mexico and requires you to complete a form called the Forma Migratoria Multiple.
With a Visitor Permit, you can stay in Mexico for up to 180 days. The permit is not eligible for renewal. The application costs about $25 in 2022.
The next level of permission is the Visa de Residente Temporal, the Temporary Resident visa. The initial term of the Temporary Resident visa is one year (or two if you are married to a Mexican national), but you can renew it for up to three more years. Under some circumstances, this visa can include permission to work in Mexico.
In general, you must apply for a Temporary Residency permit at your local Mexican consulate.
To stay even longer in Mexico, you can apply for permanent residency. Permanent residency means you intend to stay in Mexico indefinitely.
To qualify for a permanent resident visa, you need to meet specific criteria. For example, you may qualify if you have close family in Mexico, if you have lived in Mexico for four consecutive years (or two if you are married to a Mexican national), or if you have applied for retirement status and can prove you have the funds necessary to support yourself.
Bringing Family Into Mexico
If you are already a Mexican citizen or permanent resident, your relatives may be able to immigrate to Mexico more easily.
Foreign citizens can apply for permanent residency if they are the parent, minor sibling, or minor child of someone who has a permanent resident card, or if they are the close relative of a Mexican national.
The spouse of a Mexican national can also apply for permanent residency after two years of temporary residency.
Supporting Loved Ones In Other Countries
Living in a different country from your loved ones can present challenges. Sending money shouldn’t be one of them. With Remitly, you can send money to Mexico with our reliable and easy-to-use mobile app.